Campbell River Podzol

Soil Site Details: Campbell River Podzol

Soils on this site are classified as Podzols. Many would consider the Podzols to be the most visually striking soils in Canada. Podzols are one of the most common soils found under coniferous (evergreen) forests.

Basic Facts

Soil Order: Podzol
Ecosystem: Coniferous forest
Climate Zone: Humid maritime
BC Biogeoclimatic Zone: Coastal Western Hemlock

Location: Sayward Forest near Campbell River, Vancouver Island, BC
City, Region, Country: Campbell River, BC, Canada
Lat / Long: 50.06703/ -125.428

Soil Classification

Soil Order: Podzol
Great Group: Humo-Ferric Podzol
Subgroup: Duric Humo-Ferric Podzol
Soil Series: Sayward
Classification Code: DU.HFP
Soil Horizons Present: LFH, Ah, Bf1, Bf2, Bf3, C, IIC
Diagnostic Horizon 1: Bf1
Diagnostic Horizon 2: Bf2
Diagnostic Horizon 3: Bf3
Diagnostic Horizon 4:

Land Form

Land Form: Glacial till
Parent Material: Glacial till
Elevation (m): 228
Topography: Inclined
Affected by Glaciation: Yes


Climate Zone: Humid maritime
Mean Annual Temperature (C): 8
Minimum Annual Temperature (C): -6.6
Maximum Annual Temperature (C): 4.7
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm): 2228

Land Use

Current Land Use: 2nd growth forest
Original Vegetation: Western hemlock, Douglas fir
Current Vegetation: Western hemlock, Douglas fir

Technical Description
The soil at this site is of the Podzolic Order. Podzol soils are one of the forest soil types in the Canadian soil classification system, often present in coniferous forest. Podzols generally have a B horizon that is enriched with amorphous material composed mainly of humified organic matter, Al and Fe. The soil at this site falls into the Humo-Ferric Podzol Great Group. The diagnostic horizon is a Bf horizon thicker than 10 cm, that is reddish in colour and enriched with Fe/Al. It has a relatively low organic C content (0.5-5%). It is a Bose Duric Humo-Ferric Podzol. This soils is described as moderately to well-drained, with up to 10 cm of organic forest litter on the soil surface. The parent material is made up of glacial till.

PDF with details: 16_Sayward.pdf

Soil Morphology
Soil Texture of Diagnostic Horizon or Prevailing Texture:
Loamy sand
Soil texture horizons: Loamy sand (Ah), Loamy sand (Bf1), Loamy sand (Bf2), Loamy sand (Bf3), Clay (C), Clay (IIC)
Soil structure horizons: Single grain (Ah), Sub-angular blocky (Bf1, Bf2, Bf3), Structureless (C and IIC)
Forest Humus Form: Mor
Presence of Charcoal:
Presence of Coatings: Yes, Fe/Al coatings on coarse fragments in Bf
Soil Formation Processes
Primary Soil Process Group: Transformation
Primary Soil Process: Podzolization
Secondary Soil Process: Gleying


Podzol, from

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