Fort Langley Gleysol

Soil Site Details: Fort Langley Gleysol

Soils on this site are Gleysols. These mineral soils are saturated for a prolonged period of time due to a high water table. This results in bluish-grey mottling in the soil profile, called gleying. The name Gleysol originated from the Russian word gley meaning mucky soil mass.

Basic Facts

Soil Order: Gleysol
Ecosystem: Mixed Forest
Climate Zone: Humid Maritime
BC Biogeoclimatic Zone: Coastal Western Hemlock

Location: Fort Langley
City, Region, Country: Lower Fraser Valley, British Columbia, Canada
Lat / Long: 49.16528/ -122.57

Soil Classification

Soil Order: Gleysol
Great Group: Humic Gleysol
Subgroup: Orthic Humic Gleysol
Soil Series: Hazelwood
Classification Code: O.HG
Soil Horizons Present: Ap, Bg, Cg
Diagnostic Horizon 1: Bg
Diagnostic Horizon 2:
Diagnostic Horizon 3:
Diagnostic Horizon 4:

Land Form

Land Form: Fluvial
Parent Material: Fluvial
Elevation (m): 7
Topography: Level
Affected by Glaciation: Yes


Climate Zone: Humid maritime
Mean Annual Temperature (C): 10
Minimum Annual Temperature (C): 6.5
Maximum Annual Temperature (C): 13.7
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm): 1200

Land Use

Current Land Use: Agricultural, cultivated field
Original Vegetation: Black cottonwood, vine maple, willow, salmonberry, blackberry, red alder, Douglas-fir, western hemlock, western red cedar
Current Vegetation: Annual agricultural crops (vegetables, small fruits)

Technical Description
This soil at this agricultural site is in the Gleysolic Order. Gleysols have undergone prolonged periods of water saturation causing reducing conditions during their genesis. This results in characteristic colours (blue-grey) and mottling. The diagnostic characteristic of Gleysols is presence of well-developed gley features within 50 cm of the soil surface (Ag, Bg, Cg horizons) ��� at this site it is the Bg horizon. This site has fluvial parent material layered with organic material. The soil at this site falls into the Orthic Humic Gleysol Subgroup. These soils have a well-developed Ah overlying gleyed B and C horizons. This soil is further classified under the Hazelwood Soil Series, which occupy scattered areas on the Fraser River floodplain. These soils are poorly drained, with mainly silty clay to silty clay loam textures.

PDF with details: 10_Hazlewood.pdf

Soil Morphology
Soil Texture of Diagnostic Horizon or Prevailing Texture: Silty clay loam
Soil texture horizons: Silt loam (Ap), Silty clay loam (Bg)
Soil structure horizons: Fine granular (Ap), Angular blocky (Bg)
Forest Humus Form:
Presence of Charcoal:
Presence of Coatings:
Soil Formation Processes
Primary Soil Process Group: Transformation
Primary Soil Process: Gleying
Secondary Soil Process: Translocation


Gleysol, from

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